派乐少儿英语官网(上海海派乐国际少儿英语)

派乐少儿英语官网(上海海派乐国际少儿英语)

Infant formula:the superfood you never think about

  1. infant 婴儿
  2. formula 配方奶粉

Baby formula has been front-page news in the United States lately, as the closure of one of the nation's largest manufacturing plants due to contamination has sparked a serious shortage. As the US Food and Drug Administration seeks new sources of infant formula abroad, flies in emergency supplies and tries to help get the plant back up and running, parents are struggling to get what they need to feed their babies.

  1. front-page news 头条新闻
  2. closure 关闭
  3. manufacturing plant 制造厂
  4. due to 由于
  5. contamination [k?n?t?m??ne??n] 污染
  6. spark 引起
  7. shortage 短缺
  8. FDA 食品药品监督管理局
  9. fly in sth 空运进某物品
  10. emergency supply 应急物资
  11. get sth back up 使…恢复

The situation is shocking – for one thing, it raises questions about why anything as essential as formula is vulnerable to the woes of any single manufacturer – and it has many people curious what parents did in the past, before huge companies made the product that has become a lynchpin in so many lives.

  1. for one thing 一方面
  2. raise questions about 引发关于……的质疑
  3. essential [??sen?l]本质的;必不可少的;完全必要的;极其重要的;基本的;根本的
  4. be vulnerable to 易受…损坏
  5. woe [wo?]麻烦;问题;困难
  6. lynchpin [?l?nt?p?n]关键;关键性人物(或事物)

Unfortunately, today's parents are far from the first people in history to have to deal with this problem. The first widely marketed infant formula, called Liebig's Soluble Food for Babies, arrived in the 1860s, but people have been trying to find safe alternatives to breastmilk for millennia.

  1. be far from 距…很远
  2. deal with 处理;应对
  3. market v. 推销
  4. alternative to …的替代品;可供选择的事物
  5. millennia [m??l?n??] 千年

Before modern medicine, babies died all the time, for all sorts of reasons. But if the baby and the mother could not get enough milk out of the breast, it was often a shortcut to the grave for the infant, because the alternatives were not great. In the early 19th Century, poor hygiene of feeding vessels and unsafe animal milk storage led to the deaths of a third of babies fed by bottle, according to one account.

  1. all sorts of 各种各样的
  2. get sth out of 从…获得…
  3. short cut to 通往…的捷径
  4. hygiene [?ha?d?i?n] 卫生
  5. vessel [?vesl] 容器
  6. storage 储存
  7. lead to 导致

Sometimes, another lactating woman was available, and for many babies professional "wet nurses" were their saving grace. At various times throughout history, wet nurses – women who breastfeed babies professionally – have existed as a thriving industry of their own, complete with references and medical exams.

  1. lactating 泌乳的
  2. available [??ve?l?bl]可获得的;可购得的;可找到的;有空的
  3. wet nurses 奶妈,乳母
  4. saving grace 唯一可取之处
  5. breastfeed 母乳喂养
  6. thriving 兴旺发达的;繁荣的;蓬勃发展;旺盛;茁壮成长
  7. complete with 包括,具有配套的
  8. reference 参考文献

But once bottles that could be sterilised and rubber nipples were invented, later on in the 19th Century, European and US parents seem to have stepped away from wet nursing as an alternative. Now the feeding vessels could be made safe: it was time, instead, to think about the contents.

  1. once 一旦;当…时候
  2. sterilise 灭菌;消毒
  3. rubber nipple 橡皮奶嘴
  4. later on 随后;后来
  5. seem to 似乎,好象;看起来
  6. step away from 远离;摆脱
  7. it is time to do 该是时候做…
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